Land is an essential natural resource. Forty per cent of the world’s land is dedicated to agricultural and livestock production and ninety per cent of our food come directly or indirectly from it. Access to land facilitates also the livelihood of a significant amount of people, consisting of small-scale agriculture and other activities belonging to the primary sector, such as livestock, hunting-gathering, artisanal fishing, etc. These populations largely use public or community lands. More than two billion people have access to these lands, also called commons or commons. In other cases, even in greater numbers, the populations depend on lands with legal titles of tenure not formalised or adequately protected legally; in many cases, they are indigenous populations. While they have historical roots, these titles are often informal and precarious.
However, these traditional situations of land tenure have been lately suffering significant adjustments, so international law is being forced to provide a response to protect those communities.
In this respect, an international call for papers will be opened, hoping that it will have the greatest diffusion and participation. Consequently, the objectives of this Congress are: