Princetonlaan 8a, 3584 CB, Utrecht landac.geo@uu.nl +31 30 253 13 63

LANDac Conference 2015

LAND GOVERNANCE FOR EQUITABLE AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT:

Joining Forces

The LANDac Annual International Conference 2015 took place between the 8-10th of July 2015 in Utrecht. This year’s conference aimed to:

  • take stock of five consecutive years of research, policy and practice;
  • present state-of-the-art knowledge on how land governance may contribute to equitable and sustainable development;
  • set the agenda for future research;
  • foster new collaborations for research, policy and practice.

Over 250 participants from roughly 35 countries attended over 30 thematic sessions that featured presentations, key note debates, documentaries, workshops, and games, among other formats. Each session focused on the roles of different stakeholders in the land governance debate, the causes and diversity of increasing pressures on land, and the tools and instruments that are available for addressing land issues. Contributions came from researchers and academics, practitioners from NGOs and development organizations, private sector stakeholders and the financial sector, policy makers from governments, journalists and others.

This year’s key notes were given by:

  • Saturnino ‘Jun’ Borras Jr. – Professor of Agrarian Studies at the Institute of Social Studies (ISS) in the Hague and Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of Peasant Studies (JPS).
  • Ms. Esther Obaikol – lawyer, with experience in legal and social research in environment and land. Coordinator of the Global Land Indicators’ Initiative at the UN-habitat hosted Global Land Tool Network (GLTN)
  • Pádraig Carmody – Trinity College Dublin
  • Robin Palmer – Global Land Rights Policy Specialist
  • Alda Salomão – Director of Mozambican NGO Centro Terra Viva
  • Mr. Harold Liversage – Land Tenure Advisor for the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD)

The main themes addressed during the Conference included:

  • Local governance and stakeholder participation
  • Urban issues
  • Food security
  • Public land policies
  • Private sector
  • Land tools
  • Conflict-related displacement
  • Gender
  • Oil palm
  • Environmental issues
  • Large-scale infrastructure; mining

Download the programme here.
Download the Book of Abstracts here.

Wednesday 8 July

13.00 – 14.00 Registration and coffee

14.00 – 14.30 Welcome

14.30 – 16.00 Opening key note addresses

16.00 – 16.30 Coffee

16.30 – 18.00 Parallel sessions I

18.00 – 19.00 Drinks

 

Thursday 9 July

8.30 – 9.00 Registration and coffee

9.00 – 10.00 Key note debate I

10.00 – 10.30 Coffee (parallel: book presentation)

10.30 – 12.00 Parallel sessions II

12.00 – 13.00 Key note debate II

13.00 – 14.00 Lunch

14.00 – 15.30 Parallel sessions III

15.30 – 16.00 Coffee (parallel: book presentation)

16.00 – 17.30 Parallel sessions IV

17.30 – 18.00 Wrapping up & issues for debate

18.00 – 20.00 Drinks + standing buffet

 

Friday 10 July

8.30 – 9.00 Coffee

9.00 – 10.00 Key note debate III

10.00 – 10.30 Coffee (parallel: book presentation)

10.30 – 12.00 Parallel sessions V

12.00 – 13.00 Lunch

13.00 – 14.30 Parallel sessions VI

14.30 – 15.00 Coffee (parallel: book presentation)

15.00 – 16.00 Parallel sessions VII

16.00 – 16.15 Short break

16.15 – 17.15 Closing panel “Joining forces”

17.15 – 17.30 Official closing (Marjan Oudeman, President of the Executive Board of Utrecht University)

17.30 – 17.45 Closing remarks (Annelies Zoomers)

17.45 – 18.30 Drinks

Download the Conference Report 2015 here.
For the pictures of the 2015 edition, visit our Flickr account.

Presentations

Theme: Local governance and stakeholder participation

Session: Where are the real stakeholders? How to promote policy debate in ‘recipient’ countries that include farmers’ organizations
Wednesday 8 July, 16.30 – 18.00
Chair: Jur Schuurman (Agriterra)

From challenged relationship to inclusive dialogue: an innovative approach for CSO to successfully address land policy reforms (Benin case study)
Kouassi Sébastien Dohou, Simon Bodea (Syndicat National des Paysans du Bénin, SYNPA-BENIN)

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Land policies in Brazil
Patricia Queiroz Chaves (Espaço Feminista)

Prioritize primary stakeholder engagement for sustainable development
John Mwebe (International accountability project)

Pastoralists’ participation in the Cameroon’s pastoral code elaboration
Charles Tah, Fidele Yobo Akoue, Marguerite Belobo Belibi (SNV Cameroon)

Session: Grounded analytical approaches to stakeholder interaction in large-scale land acquisitions in Africa (part one)
Thursday 9 July, 10.30 – 12.00
Chairs: Sandra Evers1 and Froukje Krijtenburg1 (1VU University Amsterdam)

Researching stakeholder interaction, imagination and mediation in large-scale land acquisitions through the ‘Zones of Intermediality’ Model
Sandra J.T.M. Evers (VU University Amsterdam)

Discursive hurdles in stakeholder interactions: A case study of development and nature conservation debates in Tana Delta (Kenya)
Froukje Krijtenburg (VU University Amsterdam)

Local institutions (Deréba) amidst large-scale land acquisitions: Stakeholder confluence in changing landscapes of livelihood and ‘reciprocity’ in Oromia (Ethiopia)
Theodros Woldegiorgis (VU University Amsterdam)

An imperfect lens: Macro and micro views of the Malagasy rainforest
Mija Andriamarovololona (VU University Amsterdam)

Seeking Fiadanana (‘peace’) in Madagascar’s Ambatovy mining project: Stakeholder imagination and mediation
Carole Rabemanantsoa (VU University Amsterdam)

 The politics of large-scale land acquisitions in Uganda: Stakeholder interactions and land-use change in Nakaseke district
Josh Maiyo (VU University Amsterdam)

Session: Grounded analytical approaches to stakeholder interaction in large-scale land acquisitions in Africa (part two)
Thursday 9 July, 14.00 – 15.30
Chairs: Sandra Evers¹ and Froukje Krijtenburg¹ (¹VU University Amsterdam)

Land governance in Sahelian countries
Hermine Papazian1 and Patrick D’Aquino1 (1CIRAD Agricultural Research for Development, France)

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Guidelines of responsible land tenure reform and governance in Madagascar: The challenge of bringing customary land access arrangements into the ambit of the positive law system
Sandra J.T.M. Evers¹ and Sarah Hayes² (¹VU University Amsterdam, ²University of Strasbourg)

Convergent and divergent dynamics of land use and valuation in the Nacala corridor, northern Mozambique, in the context of ProSavana land rush
Filipa Oitavén (VU University Amsterdam)

Merging Territoriality and Intermediality as analytical framework for the study of large-scale land acquisitions.
Davide Cirillo¹² and Sandra Evers² (¹University of Padova, ²VU University Amsterdam)

Understanding the role of local elites in the trajectory of large-scale land acquisitions in Senegal: between structure and agency
Marie Gagné (University of Toronto)

Session: Regulating land acquisition – what is the role of local governance? (part one)
Thursday 9 July, 16.00 – 17.30
Chairs: Gemma van der Haar1 and Gerard Baltissen2 (1Wageningen University, 2Royal Tropical Institute)

Session: Regulating land acquisition – what is the role of local governance? (part two)
Friday 10 July, 10.30 – 12.00
Chairs: Gemma van der Haar1 and Gerard Baltissen2 (1Wageningen University, 2Royal Tropical Institute)

Between customary and statutory tenure: Understanding large-scale land acquisitions in Zambia
Margherita Baldarelli (University of Trento)

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Legal pluralism and land administration in West Sumatra: The implementation of local and Nagari governments’ regulations on communal land tenure
Hilaire Tegnan (Andalas University, Padang)

Localizing land governance, strengthening the State – Decentralization and land tenure security in Uganda
Mathijs van Leeuwen (ASC, Leiden University / CICAM, Radboud University Nijmegen)

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Community factors, negotiation processes and land acquisition in Cameroon
Juliana Nnoko-Mewanu1, Robert E. Mazur1 and Carmen Bain1 (1Iowa State University – Department of Sociology)

Exit, voice and transparency: New responses to informal construction in post-war Pristina, Kosovo
Sean Parramore (Queen Mary University of London)

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Institutional synergies and the governance in customary land markets – selected case studies of large-scale land acquisitions in Ghana
Elias Danyi Kuusaana¹² and Nicolas Gerbera² (¹Centre for Development Research (ZEF), ²University for Development Studies, Ghana)

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The politics of large-scale land acquisitions in Ethiopia: State and corporate elites and subaltern villagers
Tsegaye Moreda1 and Max Spoor1 (1International Institute of Social Studies, ISS, Erasmus University)

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Common pool resources management in large-scale irrigation schemes in northern Ghana
Bizoola Z. Gandaa (Wageningen University)

Role of local governments (district & communes) in facilitating land governance at local level: incentive structure analysis from case studies in Vietnam
Dung Tri Ngo¹ and Thang Nam Tran² (¹Consultative and Research Center on Natural Resources Management, ²Hue University of Agriculture and Forestry)

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Regulating land acquisition in Burkina Faso: what is the role of local governance?
Bala Wenceslas Sanou¹, François Louré² and Zizien Abdoulaye¹ (¹advisor in local land governance, ²Ministry of Agriculture, 3technical staff local land governance)

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Compulsory land acquisition and resettlement on customary lands in Ghana – A governance perspective
Kwabena Asiama, Monica Lengoiboni and Paul van der Molen (ITC, University of Twente)

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Indigenous movements, legacies of state formation and local land governance in Argentina
Matthias vom Hau (Institut Barcelona d’Estudis Internacionals, IBEI)

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Session: Community voices and land governance
Friday 10 July, 13.00 – 14.30
Chairs: Kei Otsuki1, Danny Wijnhoud2 and Arelys de Yanez2 (1Utrecht University – International Development Studies, 2ActionAid)

Cries for land governance: the experience of the Brazilian Amazon
Elyson Souza, Gisele Souza, Edjane de Batista, Marcelo Messias, Elly Souza (State University of Campinas)

The role of communities in large scale land acquisitions in South Sudan
Francesca Marzatico (independent researcher)

Enhancing the space for stakeholder participation in community development: lessons from a community theatre approach in Ghana
Godfred Seidu Jasaw¹, Baslyd Begerr Nara², and Ernest Bagson² (¹UNU-IAS, ²University for Development Studies, Ghana)

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“They have abandoned us”: Broken promises of inclusive land governance and development in Massingir district, Mozambique
Kei Otsuki¹, Dakcha Achá² and Danny Wijnhoud² (¹Utrecht University – International Development Studies, ²ActionAid)

Community voices on land governance and water management among rice farming in Maganja da Costa, Mozambique
Thirza Mandos¹, Kei Otsuki¹, Dakcha Achá² and Danny Wijnhoud² (¹Utrecht University – International Development Studies, ²ActionAid)

What will the future bring?: Community voices on rice farming and other livelihood opportunities in the face of flood risks in Maganja da Costa district, Mozambique
Dakcha Achá¹, Danny Wijnhoud¹ and Kei Otsuki² (¹ActionAid, ²Utrecht University – International Development Studies)

Land governance Myanmar – Community voices
Claire Burgess (ActionAid Myanmar)

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Discussion session: Local governance, stakeholder participation & community voices
Friday 10 July, 15.00-16.00

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Theme: Urban issues

Session: Peri-urban land commodification and commercialization, livelihoods, dispossession / resettlement
Wednesday 8 July, 16.30 – 18.00
Chair: Femke van Noorloos (Utrecht University – International Development Studies)

Land loss for urban expansion and livelihood reconstruction in Central Vietnam: Who reconstructs livelihoods and how?
Nguyen Quang Phuc12, Annelies Zoomers2 and Guus van Westen2 (1College of Economics, Hue University, Vietnam, 2Utrecht University – International Development Studies)

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 Urbanizing the countryside? Rwanda’s emerging rural service centres and small towns
Ine Cottyn (Utrecht University – International Development Studies)

The changing landscape in Belo Horizonte, Mozambique: (Un)planned urbanization, informal land markets and the future of peasant farmers
Eléusio Filipe1 and Simon Norfolk1 (1Terra Firma Lda, Mozambique)

Session: Land conversion and peri-urban sprawl, land tenure, local governance
Thursday 9 July, 10.30 – 12.00
Chair: Femke van Noorloos (Utrecht University – International Development Studies)

 Security of tenure: the plight of peri-urban communities surrounding Bulawayo city in Zimbabwe
Linda Magwaro-Ndiweni1 and Virginia Madiro1 (1National university of science and technology, Zimbabwe)

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Suburbanisation in Sub-Saharan Africa as a social process – the relationship between private and public stakeholders with their forma land informal instruments in Abomey-Calavi, Benin
Fabrice Banon (Karlsruher Institut für Technologie)

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Autochthony in peri-urban Bukavu
Fons van Overbeek (Wageningen University)

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Enhancing good land governance for sustainable urbanization in South Sudan
Francesca Marzatico (independent researcher)

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With contributions by:

Emiel Wegelin, Director of UrbAct – International Advisory Services for Urban Action

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Theme: Food security

Session: Land governance and food security (part one)
Thursday 9 July, 14.00 – 15.30
Chairs: Gemma Betsema (LANDac Coordinator based at Utrecht University International Development Studies) and Frits van der Wal (Focal point land governance, Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs)

 Session: Land governance and food security (part two)
Thursday 9 July, 16.00 – 17.30
Chairs: Gemma Betsema (LANDac Coordinator based at Utrecht University International Development Studies) and Frits van der Wal (Focal point land governance, Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs)

Land use and food security in coastal Bangladesh
Amelie Bernzen (University of Cologne)

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Land use and livelihood strategies for women: The case for agroecology
Maria Van Der Maaten (Iowa State University)

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Consolidating land for food security: Antidote or anachronistic?
Rohan Bennett (ITC, University of Twente)

Towards an analytical framework for the land-food security nexus
Joe Nasr and James Kuhns (Ryerson University Toronto)

Land rights and integrated soil fertility management in Uganda and Mozambique
Robert Mazur¹, Naboth Bwambale¹ and Venâncio Salegua² (¹Iowa State University, ²Instituto de Investigação Agrária de Moçambique, IIAM)

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Food security and income inequality: a study from the sustainable development applied to the Acre / Brazil
Tiago Loiola¹, Elyson Souza², Gisele Souza²,Marcelo Messias² and Francisco Bezerra¹ (¹FederalUniversity of Acre, ²State University of Campinas)

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Scoping study on the impacts of Dutch floriculture investments on food security and sustainable development in Eastern Africa
Evans K. Kirigia1, Gemma Betsema1 (1Utrecht University – International Development Studies/ LANDac)

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Shifting land, shifting tenure: Understanding the effects of voluntary resettlement on land governance in southern Malawi
Kelly Sharp1, Philippe Le Billon1 and Hisham Zerriffi1 (1The University of British Columbia)

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Food security and land governance in central Asia
Kanysh Nurymgereyev1 and Jamal Annagylyjova (1independent consultant, 2UNCCD)

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Theme: Public land policies

Session: Comparison of public land policies and instruments – Instrument-oriented
Friday 10 July, 10.30 – 12.00
Chairs: Tejo Spit and Thomas Hartmann (Utrecht University – Faculty of Geosciences)

Land policies for public value capture across Europe
Demetrio Muñoz Gielen1 and Javier Burón Cuadrado23 (¹Radboud University Nijmegen, 2Urbania ZH Gestión, 3Ekiten Thinking University Bask Country, Spain)

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Public land development strategies in times of economic downturn
Alexander Woestenburg (Radboud University Nijmegen)

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The land value tax in Estonia: Sustainable land policy through taxation?
Fabian Wenner (Munich University of Technology)

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Economic impacts of government interventions in tax foreclosed property disposal
Mary Beth Graebert (Michigan State University)

Legal approaches to ensure sustainable settlement development: Selected results from a comparative law analysis on instruments for sustainable land management
Jana Bovet (Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research Leipzig, Germany)

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 Climate change adaptation in land policy using property rights: an Australian perspective
John Sheehan (University of Technology, Sydney, UTS/ Chair Government Liaison, NSW Division, Australian Property Institute, API)

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Session: Comparison of public land policies and instruments – System-oriented
Friday 10 July, 13.00 – 14.30
Chairs: Tejo Spit and Thomas Hartmann (Utrecht University – Faculty of Geosciences)

The development of Dutch land policy from an active to a passive approach
Sanne Holtslag-Broekhof (Wageningen University/ Kadaster)

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The role of Alpine growth coalitions in the development of secondary houses – Lessons from Switzerland
Jean-David Gerber1, Monika Bandi1, Andreas Hengsterman1 and Simone Lussi1 (1University of Bern)

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TTIP meets public land policy – on the debate surrounding the realignment of Berlin’s award procedures for public assets
Fabian Thiel (Frankfurt University of Applied Sciences)

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Assessing land thrift policies within the context of suburbanisation – An approach to enable a regional perspective
Mathias Jehling1 and Robert Hecht2 (1Karlsruhe Institute of Technology – Institute of Regional Science, 2Leibnitz – Institute of Ecological Urban and Regional development)

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Radically changing the South African land-ownership and land-use regime: Recent legal and policy changes and proposals
Mark Oranje¹ and Jeannie van Wyk² (¹University of Pretoria, ²University of South Africa)

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Discussion session: Public land policies in Europe and its links to other contexts
Friday 10 July, 15.00-16.00
Theme: Private sector

Session: Beyond plantations – Exploring the viability of alternative agriculture business models (part one)
Wednesday 8 July, 16.30 – 18.00
Chair: George Schoneveld (CIFOR)

 Session: Beyond Plantations – Exploring the viability of alternative agriculture business models (part two)
Thursday 9 July, 10.30 – 12.00
Chair: George Schoneveld (CIFOR)

Making land and agricultural investments work for equitable and sustainable development – An assessment of Inclusive Business Models
Wytske Chamberlain1 and Ward Anseeuw12 (1University of Pretoria, 2CIRAD UMR ART-Dev)

Large-scale plantation and contract farming effects: qualitative and quantitative assessment in Madagascar
Perrine Burnod¹², Heriniaina Rakotomalala², Patrick Rasolofo² and Aurélie Brès³ (¹CIRAD-UMR Tetis, ²Land Observatory and ³FAO)

Business models present in the recent sugarcane expansion in Brazil
Andreia Marques Postal1 and Bastiaan Philip Reydon1 (1University of Campinas)

Dynamics of winners and losers in large-scale land transactions in Ghana – Opportunities for win-win outcomes
Elias Danyi Kuusaana (Centre for Development Research, ZEF/ University for Development Studies, Ghana)

Large-scale agricultural investments in Tanzania: A descriptive analysis
Eileen Dyer (Utrecht University – International Development Studies/ Roskilde University/ CIFOR)

Mixed success in leveraging private sector investment for inclusive development: An exploration of alternative business models in Mozambique and Zambia
Laura German1, Eunice Cavane2, Almeida Sitoe2, Carla Braga2 and Lowery Parker1 (1University of Georgia, 2Universidade Eduardo Mondlane, Maputo, Mozambique)

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 How small are oil palm smallholders? Characterizing different types of smallholder oil palm farmers in Riau, Indonesia
Idsert Jelsma (Utrecht University – International Development Studies/ CIFOR)

A micro-level assessment of the socio-economic impacts of oil palm outgrower schemes in the state of Para, Brazil
Frederico Brandão (Utrecht University – International Development Studies/ CIFOR)

How inclusive is inclusive business? Lessons from sugarcane block farming schemes in Maputo province, Mozambique
Filipe di Matteo (Utrecht University – International Development Studies/ CIFOR)

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Concentration of land, production and prospects of socio-economic development for small farmers in the Amazon / Brazil
Gisele Souza1, Alexandre Maia1, Bastiaan Philip Reydon1 and Elyson Souza1 (1State University of Campinas)

Towards sustainable and inclusive business arrangements between smallholder farmers and large-scale investors in agriculture: Lessons learnt from IFAD supported projects and programmes
Harold Liversage (IFAD)

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 Session: Understanding the role of finance in farmland acquisitions
Thursday 9 July, 14.00 – 15.30
Chair: Oane Visser (International Institute for Social Studies, ISS, Erasmus University)

Land rush in the highest gear? Farmland deals and investment strategies in Romania
Anna Hajdu (International Institute for Social Studies, ISS, Erasmus University)

Scandinavians on the eastern Steppe: the trials and tribulations of the Western investor-led, listed farming model
Brian Kuns1, Oane Visser1 and Anders Wästfelt1 (1International Institute for Social Studies, ISS, Erasmus University)

How pervasive is the global farmland rush? Finance, land values and the instability of farmland investment
Oane Visser (International Institute of Social Studies, ISS, Erasmus University)

Driving development? Regulations for EU-based financing of agribusiness in developing countries
Ward Warmerdam and Jan Willem van Gelder (ProFundo)

Session: Responsible business and land – bridging the gap between corporate investment in land and the protection of local land-related livelihoods
Thursday 9 July, 16.00 – 17.30
Chair: Guus van Westen (Utrecht University – International Development Studies)

Responsible access to land or production for sugar in Brazil
Andreia Marques Postal, Bastiaan Philip Reydon and Herta Viegas (University of Campinas)

Governance, land grabbing and Harvard’s academic enrichment in Los Esteros del Iberá, Argentina
Nienke Bussher (University of Groningen)

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How does the local context shape corporate social responsibility in mining? The case of Vale
Marie-Gabrielle Piketty¹, Marcel Djama¹², Isabel G. Drigo³, Mário Paulo Falcão⁴ and Jaime Nhamirre⁴ (¹Centre de Coopération Internationale en Recherche Agronomique pour le Développement, CIRAD, ²University Putra Maya, ³Nexus Socioambiental LTD. ⁴Eduardo Mondlane University)

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Towards inclusive and responsible agro-investments in Ethiopia
Fekadu Adugna Tufa1, Aklilu Amsalu1 and Mesfin Kinfu2 (1Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia, 2Horn of Africa Regional Environment Centre)

Session: The role of guidelines and principles in improving land governance
Friday 10 July, 10.30 – 12.00
Chair: Louisa Jansen (FAO)

Principles for responsible agricultural investment: Can they help to protect local livelihoods?
Raffaele Bertini, Yannick Fiedler and Jesper Karlsson (independent research team)

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How can the Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (VGGT) safeguard tenure in the promotion of responsible (land-based) agricultural investments
Louisa J.M. Jansen, Maria Guglielma da Passano and Andrew Hilton (FAO Climate, Energy and Tenure Division)

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The politics of land deals – A comparative analysis of global land policies on large-scale land acquisition
Suzanne Verhoog (VU University Amsterdam)

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Implementing the land governance assessment framework
Sue Mbaya, Mandi Rukuni and Joyce Marangu (LGAF Africa)

Land grabs in Brazil as a result of the lack of land governance
Bastiaan Philip Reydon, Vitor Bukvar Fernades, Paula da Silva Bueno and Roberto Simiquelli (Universitas de Campinas)

Session: Land governance and the landscape approach
Friday 10 July, 13.00 – 14.30
Chair: Sjoerd Panhuysen (HIVOS)

Applying an integrated landscape approach: a case study based on West Kalimantan, Indonesia
Johan Meijer¹ and Wilbert van Rooij² (¹PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency, ²Plansup)

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From product to place – Landscape governance and the role of global commodity chains
Cora van Oosten (Wageningen UR Centre for Development Innovation, CDI)

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Emerging experience in public private landscape governance in IDH Initiative on Sustainable Landscapes
Nienke Stam (IDH Sustainable Trade Initiative)

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Theme: Land tools

Session: Innovative land tools
Wednesday 8 July, 16.30 – 18.00
Chairs: Jaap Zevenbergen1, Rohan Bennett1 and Jean du Plessis2 (ITC, University of Twente1, UN-Habitat2)

GLTN and the continuum of land rights
Jean du Plessis (Global Land Tool Network, GLTN/ UN-Habitat)

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The Social Tenure Domain Model and complementary tools
Christiaan Lemmen (University of Twente/ Kadaster International)

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Exploring land tool frontiers
Rohan Bennett (University of Twente)

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The Mobile Application to Secure Tenure (MAST)
Jeffrey Euwema (Cloudburst/ USAID)

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Participatory land administration – in one day
Mathilde Molendijk (Kadaster International)

Recent advances in the integration of Registration and Cadastre in Brazil: the role of SIGEF
Bastiaan Philip Reydon1, Ana Karina da Silva Bueno1 and Ana Paula da Silva Bueno1 (1Universidade Estadual de Campinas – UNICAMP)

Open Development Initiative – Mekong
Terry Parnell (East West Management Institute – Open Development Initiative)

Session: Land tools – impact assessment
Thursday 9 July, 10.30 – 12.00
Chairs: Jaap Zevenbergen1, Rohan Bennett1 and Jean du Plessis2 (ITC, University of Twente1, UN-Habitat2)

Pro-poor land tools: are they effective? Three peri-urban case-studies from sub-Saharan Africa
Paul van Asperen (TU Delft)

The need and potential of geomatics for interdisciplinary land reform assessments, the showcase of Zimbabwe’s “fast track land reform”
Konrad Hentze (University of Bonn)

Access to the land tenure administration system in Rwanda and the impacts of the system on ordinary citizens
Mireille Biraro (INES Department of Land Admin)

Institutional innovation in solving land problems in Amazonia: the case of General Office of Justice in Mato Grosso
Bastiaan Philip Reydon1, Ana Karina da Silva Bueno1 and Ana Paula da Silva Bueno1 (1Universidade Estadual de Campinas – UNICAMP)

E-governance for land administration in state of Harayana (India) – a study of Harayana land registration information system (halris)
Navreet Kaur1, Simranjeet Singh Bains2 and L. Sitlhou1 (1Department of Public Administration,Panjab University, 2Department of Economics, Lyalpur Khalsa College Jalandhar)

Increasing the community active participation in the process of systematic land registration. The role of para-surveyors and local mediators (Abunzi) in Rwanda
Alban U. Singirankabo, Ernest Uwayezu and Desiré Uwitonze (University of Rwanda)

Session: Legal and socio-legal perspectives in land governance
Thursday 9 July, 14.00 – 15.30
Chair: Carolien Jacobs (Van Vollenhoven Institute – Leiden University)

Included or excluded?: An analysis of the application of the free, prior and informed consent principle in land grabbing cases in Cameroon and Uganda
Jean-Claude Nkwanyuo Ashukem (North West University Potchefstroom Campus)

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Fencing and the transformation of Namibia’s communal lands
Willem Odendaal1 and Paul Hebinck2 (1Legal Assistance Centre, Windhoek, Namibia; 2Sociology of Development and Change, Wageningen University)

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The “Myth of communally owned land” and land governance under customary
Judy Adoko (Land and Equity Movement in Uganda, LEMU)

Some remarks on the protection of commons in international law
Miguel Ángel Martín López (University of Seville)

How can we recognize land tenure rights in a public ownership framework: African cases?
Caroline Plançon (The World Bank)

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Land, liabilities and lethargy: understanding the construction of ‘abandoned lands’ in Tajikistan
Irna Hofman (Leiden University Institute for Area Studies)

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Land governance in Mozambique: Insights of the Land Law and empirical findings over land governance
Natacha Bruna (Observatorio do Meio Rural, OMR)

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Theme: Conflict-related displacement

Documentary & discussion: Grounding Land Governance
Friday 10 July, 10.30-12.00
Chair: Mathijs van Leeuwen (ASC, Leiden University / CICAM, Radboud University Nijmegen)

Session: Conflict-related displacement: challenges to land governance
Friday 10 July, 13.00 – 14.30
Chairs: Gemma van der Haar1 and Mathijs van Leeuwen²³ (1Wageningen University; ²ASC, Leiden University; ³CICAM, Radboud University Nijmegen)

The impact of geopolitical conflict on the fate of “grabbed” agricultural land
Michael J. Strauss (Centre d’Etudes Diplomatiques et Stratégiques Paris)

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Military entrepreneurs, land access, IDPs and refugees resettlement in Eastern DRC
Decky Kipuka Kabongi (Carleton University)

Of landmines, notions of place and (dis)placement. Narratives of settlement and displacement in Nagorno-Karabakh, the South Caucasus
Pia Ferner (Wageningen University)

The geo-politics of displacement-related land disputes in Yei River county, South Sudan
Peter Justin¹ and Mathijs van Leeuwen¹² (¹ASC, Leiden University; ²CICAM, Radboud University Nijmegen)

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Diaspora development activities in the countries of origin implications for land governance and internal displacement in the Great Lakes Region
Antony Otieno Ongáyo (Utrecht University – International Development)

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Conflict related displacement and post-conflict land administration
Dimo Todorovski (ITC, University of Twente)

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Theme: Gender

Session: Issues in gender and land
Wednesday 8 July, 16.30 – 18.00
Chair: Caroline Archambault (Utrecht University – International Development Studies)

Gendered resource relations and changing land values: implications for women’s access, control, and decision making over natural resources
Juliana Nnoko-Mewanu1, Robert Mazur1, Sharon R. Bird1 and Ruth Meinzen-Dick2 (1Iowa State University – Department of Sociology; 2International Food Policy Research Institute, IFPRI)

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Women, inheritance and Islam: assessing customary and religious laws and practices around inheritance
Elisabetta Cangelosi1 and Sabine Pallas1 (1International Land Coalition, Women’s Land Rights Initiative)

Negotiation practices in women’s pathways to land tenure security – women’s social networks and access to land governing institutions in Burundi
Karin van Boxtel (Wageningen University)

Land tenure regularization in Rwanda: registration of land rights for women and its impacts on food security
Appoloni Mukahigiro1, Monica Lengoiboni1 and Liza Groenendijk1 (1ITC, University of Twente)

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Legal empowerment to women’s land tenure security in Rwanda: Assessment from the land reform perspective
Uwayezu Ernest1 and Singirankabo Uwacu Alban1 (1University of Rwanda)

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Session: Gender and commercial land investments
Thursday 9 July, 10.30 – 12.00
Chair: Caroline Archambault (Utrecht University – International Development Studies)

 How can commercial land investments better integrate gender in order to significantly enhance women’s well-being and diminish gender inequalities?
Celine Salcedo-La Viña¹ and Maitri Morarji² (¹World Resources Institute, ²Wellspring Advisors)

From agricultural lands to a “first class” airport. Gender and land sales in Atenco, Mexico
Verónica Vázquez García (Colegio de Postgraduados)

Linking women with agribusiness in Zambia: corporate social responsibility, creating shared value, and human rights approaches
Eija Pehu1, Pirkko Poutiainen1 and Marialena Vyzaki1 (1The World Bank)
Presented by: Patrica van de Velde (The World Bank)

Common property, women’s livelihood and large scale agriculture investment in Ghana
Gertrude Dzifa Torvikey (University of Ghana)

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Discussion session: Gender and land
Thursday 9 July, 14.00-15.30

Theme: Sustainability of oil palm production in Latin America and Asia

Session: Oil palm expansion in Latin America – linking development pathways to socio-environmental impacts
Thursday 9 July, 16.00 – 17.30
Chairs: Antonio Castellanos Navarrete1, Fabio de Castro2 and Pablo Pacheco3 (1Wageningen University, 2CEDLA – University of Amsterdam, 3CIFOR)

Outcomes and challenges from disparate pathways of oil palm expansion in Latin America
Pablo Pacheco (CIFOR)

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Implications of political and social dynamics on palm oil production models in Colombia
Alejandra Rueda Zarate (Nes Naturaleza)

Oil palm production by smallholders in the Peruvian Amazon
Aymé Muzo (CIFOR)

The environmental governance of oil palm expansions: bottlenecks and opportunities for sustainable land use change in Mesoamerica
Antonio Castellanos-Navarrete (Wageningen University)

 The political ecology of access to land and palm oil expansion in Colombia
Victoria Marin-Burgos (independent researcher)

Soy expansion into the Amazon: preliminary findings on land use and land grabbing in Brazilian agricultural frontiers
Sérgio Sauer (University of Brazil/ International Institute for Social Studies, ISS, Erasmus University)

 The biodiesel program and territorial reconfiguration in Eastern Amazon, Brazil
Fabio de Castro and Celia Futemma (CEDLA – University of Amsterdam)

Session: Towards sustainability of various oil palm production models in Indonesia – a need for integrated and participatory land use planning, socio-economic issues
Friday 10 July, 10.30 – 12.00
Chairs: Pita Verweij1 and Paul Burgers2 (1Utrecht University – Copernicus Institute of Sustainable Development, 2Wageningen University)

Oil palm, land governance, equitable and sustainable development: prospects for smallholders in Indonesia
Lesley Potter (Australian National University)

Smallholder engagement in palm oil production: a portray of smallholder oil palm in Riau Province, Sumatra, Indonesia
Suseno Budidarsono1, Paul Burgers2 and Annelies Zoomers1 (1Utrecht University – International Development Studies, 2Wageningen University)

Food versus fuel: processes of riceland conversion in favour of oil palm
Paul Burgers (Wageningen University)

With contributions by:

Erick Mario, Head of Sub Division of Law, Government of Indonesia

Radian Nurcahyo, Head of Land Division, Government of Indonesia

Session: Towards sustainability of various oil palm production models in Indonesia – a need for integrated and participatory land use planning, bio-physical issues
Friday 10 July, 13.00 – 14.30
Chairs: Pita Verweij1 and Paul Burgers2 (1Utrecht University – Copernicus Institute of Sustainable Development, 2Wageningen University)

Exploring the diversity in oil palm production by individual household in the frontier expansion of riau province, Indonesia
Ari Susanti (Utrecht University – International Development Studies)

Land change trajectories in a tropical forested landscape
Carina van der Laan1 and Pita Verweij1 (1Utrecht University – Copernicus Institute of Sustainable Development)

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With contributions by:

Sulistyawan Barano, Researcher at Copernicus Institute of Sustainable Development, Utrecht University and Conservation Science Leader of WWF Indonesia

Discussion session: Oil palm
Friday 10 July, 15.00 – 16.00

With contributions by:

Tony Liwang, Board Member of Indonesian Oil Palm Community (MAKSI)

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Theme: Environmental issues

Session: Grabbing nature to save it – appropriating land for nature conservation
Wednesday 8 July, 16.30 – 18.00
Chair: Robert Fletcher (Utrecht University – International Development Studies)

Bringing back the barriers: assessing the social impacts of the resurgent protectionist paradigm within international conservation in Gonarezhou National Park, Zimbabwe
Elizabeth P. Harrison1, Georgea Holmes1 and Honestly T. Ndlovu2 (1Sustainability Research Institute, School of Earth and Environment, University of Leeds; 2Southern Alliance for Indigenous Resources (SAFIRE), Zimbabwe)

The recursive constitution of property and authority: Green appropriations through shifting contours of rights and authority on a Maasai group ranch
Laura A. German1, Ryan Unks1 and Lizzie King1 (1University of Georgia)

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Reassessing fortress conservation? New media and the politics of distinction in Kruger National Park
Bram Büscher (Wageningen University)

Nature, territory, and the afterlives of empire: genealogies of upland hunter-gatherer dispossession in East Africa
Connor Joseph Cavanagh12 and David Himmelfarb3 (¹Department of International Environment and Development Studies (Noragric), Norwegian University of Life Sciences; 2World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF); 3University of South Florida Saint Petersburg)

“Conservation is development, development is resettlement”: towards translocal thinking of development for conservation
Kei Otsuki (Utrecht University – International Development Studies)

Dual Session: Governing the commons and forest governance
Thursday 9 July, 10.30 – 12.00
Chair: Malovika Pawar (Utrecht University – International Development Studies/ Indian Administrative Service)

Governing the commons

Governing the commons – experiences from the field
Malovika Pawar (Utrecht University – International Development Studies/ Indian Administrative Service)

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Changing land use, -tenure, interdependency and resilience: The uncertain fate of grazing lands in farming systems in Mali and Burkina Faso
Joost Nelen, Nata Traoré and Amadi Coulibaly (SNV Mali)

 Forest Governance

Land rights and forest governance – experiences from Tropenbos International
Rene Boot1 and Herman Savenije1 (1Tropenbos International)

 Developing policies and legal frameworks to incentivize forest protection
Ashley Toombs1, Jennifer Blaha1, Adrian Ang1, Anindita Chakraborty1, Fahima Islam1, Valentina Lagos1, Mina Lee1, Maryka Paquette1, Xiaoyu Qin1 and Carolina Rosero1 (1School of Public and International Affairs, Columbia University, New York – in partnership with the World Resources Institute)

Session: Climate change adaptation intervention, land use and the production of exclusion
Thursday 9 July, 14.00 – 15.30
Chair: Sebastiaan Soeters (Utrecht University – International Development Studies)

Governing the business of pro-poor climate change adaptation: risk, resilience and market based adaptation in Cambodia
Michelle McLinden-Nuijen (Utrecht University – International Development Studies)

Capturing benefits, neutralizing threats, promoting alternate visions: motives for mobilization of indigenous peoples and forest-dependent communities around REDD+ in Mesoamerica
Laura Sauls1, Denise Humphreys Bebbington1 and Cynthia Caron (Clark University)

The politics of climate change adaptation in Rwanda’s agricultural sector: authoritarian high modernism as a problematic development pathway
Chris Huggins (LANDac postdoctoral researcher based at Utrecht University – International Development Studies)

Climate displacement within states: The Peninsula Principles
Khaled Hassine (Office of the High Commissioner on Human Rights)

Theme: Large-scale infrastructure; Mining 

Session: Large scale infrastructure development projects – how to make these investments more beneficial for all?
Thursday 9 July, 16.00 – 17.30
Chair: Ty Pham Huu (Hue University, Vietnam)

Institutional fit or misfit? A contingent ranking analysis of compensation packages for land acquisition
Vikram Patil (Humboldt Universität Berlin)

Benefit sharing from Kamchay and Lower Sesan 2 hydropower watersheds in Cambodia
Prachvuthy Men¹³, Vathana Thun², Soriya Yin³ and Louis Lebel⁴ (¹Mekong Institute of Cambodia, ²Prekleap National College of Agriculture, ³Royal University of Phnom Penh, ⁴Chiang Mai University)

Land grabbing and governance: The case of the Isthmus of Tehuantepec
Hilde Koster (independent researcher)

Water and land grabs as parallel processes: a case study from Ecuador
Margherita Scazza (Utrecht University)

Emerging geographies through land grabbing: resistance against the “Generación de Energía Limpia” project in Puebla, Central Mexico
Fernando Hernandez Espino (Clark University)

Session Land Governance in the artisanal and small scale mining sector (Part one)
Friday 10 July, 10.30 – 12.00
Chair: Chris Huggins (LANDac postdoctoral researcher based at Utrecht University – International Development Studies)

Land, politics and small scale mining in Mongolia
Pascale Hatcher (Ritsumeikan University)

Different faces of access control in a Congolese gold mine
Sara Geenen1 and Klara Claessens1 (1Institute of Development Policy and Management, University of Antwerp)

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Different faces of access control in a Congolese gold mine
Easther Chigumira (University of Zimbabwe)

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Fragmented ‘custom’ – fractured ‘community’! Mining and property struggles on the Platinum Belt, South Africa
Sonwabile Mnwana (Mining & Rural Transformation in Southern Africa (MARTISA) project)

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Mining and resistance in the Alto Cauca, Colombia: Opposing extractivism from the every-day practice of traditional small-scale mining
Irene Vélez Torres (Universidad del Valle, Colombia)

Session: Land governance in the artisanal and small scale mining sector (part two)
Friday 10 July, 13.00 – 14.30
Chair: Chris Huggins (LANDac postdoctoral researcher based at Utrecht University International Development Studies)

Distancing from an investment-led perspective to revisiting past approaches, dichotomies, categories and boundaries of the artisanal and small scale mining sector
Bonnie Campbell (University of Quebec, Montreal)

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Min(d)ing the land: The relationship between artisanal and small-scale mining and surface land arrangements in the southern Philippines, eastern DRC and Liberia
Boris Verbrugge1, Jeroen Cuvelier1 and Steven van Bockstael1 (1Conflict Research Group, Ghent University)

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A three-dimensional perspective on artisanal gold mining in Tongo (northern Ghana)
Esther van de Camp (Leiden University)

Integrating free, prior, and informed consent into international environmental social impact assessment frameworks
Maryka Paquette (Columbia University, New York)

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Other topics, workshops, discussion sessions and book presentations

Session: Land governance and local outcomes
Friday 10 July, 10.30 – 12.00
Chair: Guus van Westen (Utrecht University – International Development Studies)

Governance of social-ecological systems for sustainability and resilience in the face of disasters –Experiences from the aquacultural crisis in Chiloé, Chile
Melanie Bakema1, Constanza Parra1 and Philip McCann1 (1University of Groningen)

Rights for all? A study of neo-liberal land markets and their links to equitable development using the examples of Thailand and Vietnam
Daniel Hayward (Utrecht University)

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Zoning ecological economic as an alternative for improving the land use and promotion of land governance: a study about Acre
Bastiaan Philip Reydon1, Elyson Souza1 and Gisele Souza1 (1Universitas de Campinas)

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Changing land use rights in China, towards a real market for user rights?
Meine Pieter van Dijk¹ and Laura Kamsma ²(¹International Institute of Social Studies, ISS, Erasmus University, ²Leiden University)

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Socioeconomic impacts of land degradation – reasons for heterogeneity
Nora Steurer (Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency)

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Agricultural modernity and the production of state and nature in post-genocide Rwanda
Giuseppe Davide Cioffo (Université Catholique de Louvain)

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Session: Can Jatropha have a second chance? Insights based on past experiences
Friday 10 July, 13.00 – 14.30
Chair: Aklilu Amsal1 and Richmond Antwi-Bediako23 (1Addis Ababa University, 2Rural Environmental Care Association, 3Utrecht University – International Development Studies)

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The future of Jatropha cultivation in Ethiopia: some experiences from alternative uses of Jatropha
Fekadu Adugna Tufa1, Aklilu Amsalu1 and Mesfin Kinfu2 (1Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia, 2Horn of Africa Regional Environment Centre)

Are we to be blamed? The chief’s perspectives on blemishes in large scale land acquisition for jatropha cultivation in Ghana
Richmond Antwi-Bediako (Rural Environmental Care Association/ Utrecht University – International Development Studies)

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Beyond the Hype: intercropping and agroforestry production models to reduce conflicts and enhance cooperation in industrial jatropha cultivation in Ghana
Richmond Antwi-Bediako¹², Benjamin Betey Campion³, Emmanuel Acheampong³ (¹Rural Environmental Care Association, ²Utrecht University – International Development Studies, ³Faculty of Renewable Natural Resources, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Ghana)

Keynotes

Pádraig Carmody
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Julian Quan
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Land Matrix Workshop by Ward Anseeuw
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